Mammals are an ecologically diverse group, and my research asks how adaptation has shaped their evolution. My work explores adaptation in complex biological structures and the role of function versus constraint in shaping diversity in mammals. I am particularly interested in the vertebral column, which is of central importance to mammalian gaits, but is poorly understood. I use quantitative approaches such as Geometric Morphometrics (GMM), phylogenetic comparative methods, and computational modelling and simulation.



Comparative anatomy and dissection, geometric morphometrics, CT imaging and segmenting, photogrammetry, surface scanning, multivariate statistics, phylogenetic comparative methods, R language programming, beam modelling, ex vivo biomechanical testing.